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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can result from exposure to traumatic events.

What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can result from exposure to traumatic events. These events can be life-threatening, such as combat experiences, sexual assault, accidents, or natural disasters. Individuals with PTSD often grapple with persistent emotional and psychological challenges, impacting various aspects of their lives.

The aftermath of trauma can lead to significant changes in how individuals perceive themselves, others, and the world around them. It may affect their ability to trust, form connections, and experience a sense of safety. PTSD can shape the lens through which individuals view their past, present, and future, influencing their overall outlook on life.

The condition is not solely about the specific details of the traumatic event but encompasses a complex interplay of emotional responses, cognitive distortions, and alterations in one’s sense of identity and security. People with PTSD may face difficulties in regulating emotions, experiencing a heightened state of alertness, and contending with the lasting impact of the trauma on their daily lives.

Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a highly effective and evidence-based approach for treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), helping individuals process traumatic experiences and regain control over their lives. At Light On Anxiety, our specialized therapists offer compassionate and personalized care tailored to the unique needs of individuals struggling with PTSD.

In CBT sessions, clients learn to:

  • Identify and challenge maladaptive thought patterns and beliefs related to their traumatic experiences.
  • Develop coping strategies to manage distressing symptoms such as flashbacks and nightmares.
  • Gradually confront and process their trauma through exposure therapy.

By learning to reframe their thoughts, develop healthy coping mechanisms, and integrate their experiences into their lives, individuals can reduce their symptoms of PTSD, improve their overall functioning, and reclaim a sense of safety and well-being. 


Medication may be considered in the treatment of PTSD, particularly for individuals experiencing moderate to severe symptoms or those who do not fully respond to therapy alone. At Light On Anxiety, our team of psychiatric providers collaborates closely with clients to assess their unique needs and develop personalized medication regimens.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are commonly prescribed to target symptoms of depression and anxiety associated with PTSD, such as intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal.

Our approach to medication management prioritizes safety, efficacy, and collaboration with clients to ensure they receive the most appropriate treatment for their symptoms while minimizing potential side effects.

Integrating CBT + Medication

At Light On Anxiety, we offer integrated treatment plans that address both the psychological and physiological aspects of the disorder. Our therapists and psychiatric providers work closely together with clients to tailor treatment plans to their individual needs and preferences.

  • CBT helps individuals develop coping skills, challenge negative thoughts, and process their trauma through exposure therapy.
  • Medication management targets symptoms of anxiety and depression, providing additional support and relief.

Through this combined approach, we empower clients to overcome their PTSD symptoms, regain their sense of control and stability, and embark on a path to healing and recovery.

Your Unique Path to Freedom From PTSD 

Our goal is to create a treatment plan that aligns with your needs and preferences, recognizing that each individual’s journey is unique.

What are the symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

The hallmark symptoms of PTSD are categorized into four clusters:

Individuals may experience intrusive memories, flashbacks, or nightmares related to the traumatic event. These thoughts can be distressing and uncontrollable.
People with PTSD often go to great lengths to avoid reminders of the trauma, including avoiding certain places, people, or activities. This avoidance can extend to talking about the traumatic event as well.
PTSD can lead to persistent negative beliefs about oneself or the world, distorted blame, negative emotions, and difficulty recalling key features of the traumatic event.
Individuals may be easily startled, experience difficulty sleeping, have angry outbursts, or struggle with concentration. Hypervigilance and a heightened startle response are common.

FAQs about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The impact of PTSD can vary among individuals. For some, symptoms may decrease or even resolve over time, especially with appropriate treatment and support. However, for others, PTSD may persist, becoming a chronic condition. Early intervention, effective therapy, and a supportive environment are crucial factors that can contribute to better outcomes in managing and potentially alleviating PTSD symptoms.

Yes, there are gender differences in how PTSD symptoms may manifest. While both men and women can experience PTSD, studies suggest that the nature and prevalence of certain symptoms may vary:

Women with PTSD may be more likely to:

  1. Experience certain types of trauma, such as sexual assault.
  2. Exhibit more internalizing symptoms like depression and anxiety.
  3. Report higher levels of avoidance behaviors.

Men with PTSD may be more likely to:

  1. Experience certain types of trauma, such as combat exposure.
  2. Exhibit more externalizing symptoms like aggression and irritability.
  3. Report higher levels of hypervigilance and exaggerated startle response.

PTSD symptoms often get mistaken for other mental health conditions due to overlapping features. The persistent low mood and feelings of numbness seen in PTSD can be misconstrued as depression, while symptoms of hyperarousal, such as irritability and hypervigilance, might lead to confusion with anxiety disorders or even attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Individuals with PTSD may also turn to substances for coping, potentially leading to misdiagnosis of a primary substance use disorder. Mood swings and irritability in PTSD may be confused with bipolar disorder, and the persistent patterns of behavior related to trauma can overlap with certain personality disorders.

When PTSD is triggered, individuals may experience a heightened and overwhelming response, reliving aspects of the traumatic event. The triggering stimuli can vary and might include situations, sounds, smells, or other reminders associated with the trauma. The response often involves a combination of emotional, physical, and cognitive reactions. Symptoms may include intense anxiety, fear, flashbacks, nightmares, increased heart rate, sweating, trembling, hypervigilance, and avoidance of reminders. The triggering of PTSD can significantly disrupt daily functioning, and individuals may struggle to regain a sense of safety and control.

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